The National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) was established in 1907 to study, expand, and standardize the new juvenile justice system following the opening of the first juvenile court in Cook County, Illinois, in 1899. Prior to that point, children and teens were prosecuted as adults.
Fourteen probation officers in Minneapolis created NCCD as a volunteer professional organization for probation and parole workers in the new juvenile justice field. At that time, they called their organization the National Probation Association (NPA). From the beginning, they pursued activities that would keep children out of the criminal justice system. Their work helped many states establish their first juvenile court systems and create programs to rehabilitate system-involved young people without resorting to incarceration.
In 1947, the NPA merged with the American Parole Association to form the National Probation and Parole Association (NPPA). In 1960, the organization’s name was changed to the National Council on Crime and Delinquency to reflect its growth and larger public policy interests.
As NCCD moved into studying the child welfare system, the NCCD Children’s Research Center (CRC) was established to work with state and local agencies to help caseworkers use data and evidence to make the best decisions for families.
Today, the organization’s expertise has expanded to other social service systems. NCCD continues to keep pace with advances in technology and approaches while remaining true to its history of research and data analysis.