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Central City Cyberschool of Milwaukee, Inc. Programmatic Profile and Education Performance

| Dr. Janice Ereth, PhD, Susan Gramling, Theresa Healy, MS

King's Academy Programmatic Profile and Educational Performance

| Dr. Janice Ereth, PhD, Susan Gramling, Theresa Healy, MS, Andrea Bogie, MSW

Assessing Risk of Future Delinquency Among Children Receiving Child Protection Services

| Andrea Bogie, MSW, Kristen Johnson, PhD, Dr. Janice Ereth, PhD, Chris Scharenbroch

In an effort to prevent children who are already involved with the Los Angeles County Department of Children and Family Services (LA DCFS) from becoming involved with the Los Angeles County Probation Department, county managers sought to develop a structured, actuarial assessment to help identify which children served by LA DCFS were most likely to become delinquent. The managers intend to provide additional supports to children who are at high risk of future delinquency. For example, the county may provide wraparound services to meet the specific needs of these high risk children, in an effort to prevent them from becoming delinquent. This report describes the longitudinal study conducted to identify the risk factors for delinquency and construct a screening assessment that classifies children with an open child protective services case by the likelihood of future delinquency.

California Cities Gang Prevention Network Bulletin (Bulletin 23)

| Dr. Angela Wolf, Evan Franco, Livier Gutierrez

NCCD and the National League of Cities' Institute for Youth, Education, and Families (YEF Institute) present the bulletin for the California Cities Gang Prevention Network. This initiative creates a network of major California cities to combat gang violence and victimization.

California Cities Gang Prevention Network Bulletin (Bulletin 22)

| Dr. Angela Wolf, Livier Gutierrez

NCCD and the National League of Cities' Institute for Youth, Education, and Families (YEF Institute) present the bulletin for the California Cities Gang Prevention Network. This initiative creates a network of major California cities to combat gang violence and victimization.

Juvenile Call-Ins

| Dr. Angela Wolf, Evan Franco, Livier Gutierrez

Focused deterrence, also known as a "call-in," is a strategy in which community stakeholder groups deliver a nonviolence message to community members who are most likely to commit violence. Call-ins have been associated with substantial reductions in gun violence in Boston and Indianapolis (McGarrell, Chermak, Wilson, & Corsaro, 2006), and have become a widely used strategy for gang violence intervention throughout the country. As call-in strategies are implemented in more cities throughout the country, some cities are interested in applying focused deterrence to a new target population: high risk juveniles. This California Cities Gang Prevention network bulletin draws on academic literature and the experiences of Network cities like Oxnard and Salinas, and other cities including Union City, California; Boston Massachusetts; and Winston-Salem, North Carolina to provide information about juvenile call-ins. Also, to advise effective implementation of juvenile call-ins, this bulletin provides examples from cities that apply call-ins to juveniles, discusses how call-ins may differ for juveniles and adults, and discusses key elements of effective call-ins.

Downtown Montessori Programmatic Profile and Educational Performance

| Dr. Janice Ereth, PhD, Susan Gramling, Theresa Healy, MS

The Milwaukee Academy of Science Programmatic Profile and Educational Performance

| Dr. Janice Ereth, PhD, Susan Gramling, Andrea Bogie, MSW

Operating and Managing Street Outreach Services

| Dr. Angela Wolf, Livier Gutierrez

Increasingly, cities have added street outreach to the mix of strategies used in comprehensive gang reduction efforts, drawing upon mounting evidence of impact. Street outreach relies on street workers to support and advocate on behalf of gang members, or those at high risk of joining gang, to change behavior patterns and link them to needed services and institutions. Street outreach workers work day and night to link marginalized and hard-to-serve individuals in communities with high levels of gang activity to social services, and play an important role in diffusing and stopping violence (Decker, Bynum, McDevitt, Farrell, & Varano, 2008; Spergel, 1966; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention [OJJDP], 2002). These workers reach out to targeted community members at their homes, community events, on street corners, in parks, and in any neighborhood spaces where community members in gangs or at risk of joining gangs spend time (OJJDP, 2002, p. 54). Outreach workers often possess intimate familiarity with the communities in which they work. Their knowledge and skills allow them to work with individuals whom traditional service providers cannot access or support.

California Cities Gang Prevention Network cities (the Network or CCGPN) note that street outreach services are an important piece of their cities' primary intervention strategies, with ties to prevention and enforcement. This bulletin identifies ways outreach programs can strategically support, care for, and hire outreach workers.

SDM News

| Children's Research Center

Structured Decision Making News, Using SDM® Assessments Effectively in Court settings 

A Commentary on the WSIPP Report: Evaluating Whether a Risk Assessment Reduced Racial Disparity

| Kristen Johnson, PhD, Raelene Freitag, Christopher Baird

The Washington State Institute for Public Policy (WSIPP) recently released a brief report on whether or not implementation of a risk assessment reduced racial disproportionality. This response to the report briefly reviews the findings, critiques the relevance of the research hypotheses, and describes limitations of the research design that undermine the credibility of the conclusions drawn from the study. It also describes a more comprehensive approach to reducing racial disparity and evaluating the success of these efforts.

Bed Space Forecast for Baltimore Youth Detention Facility

| Christopher Hartney, Isami Arifuku

This report describes the National Council on Crime and Delinquency's forecast of future bed space needs for youth detained in the adult criminal justice system in the City of Baltimore, Maryland. These youth are processed and, if necessary, detained in the adult system-currently in the Juvenile Unit of the Baltimore City Detention Center (BCDC)-after either being charged with certain crimes that require their automatic involvement in the adult justice system (known as an automatic waiver) or being sent to the adult system by a juvenile court judge (known as a judicial waiver). The State is currently considering options for housing these youth, as the present facility is inadequate. A new facility is in the planning stages and is designed to hold 180 youth, based on a forecast completed by the State in 2007. In a 2010 report by NCCD, the earlier forecast was found to overestimate the number of beds needed in a new facility. Subsequently, the Maryland Department of Public Safety and Corrections Services (DPS), along with two local foundations, the Open Society Institute-Baltimore and the Annie E. Casey Foundation, asked NCCD to perform this new forecast to assist in the decision-making process.