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Perspectives - Summer 2008 Newsletter

| National Council on Crime and Delinquency

NCCD Newsletter, Summer 2008

Children Exposed to Violence

| Linh Vuong, Fabiana Silva, Susan Marchionna

A review of the types of violence to which children are exposed, the effects of that violence on their development, and promising approaches for improving outcomes

California Cities Gang Prevention Network Bulletin (Bulletin 11)

| Dr. Angela Wolf, Fabiana Silva

NCCD and the National League of Cities' Institute for Youth, Education, and Families (YEF Institute) present the bulletin for the California Cities Gang Prevention Network. This initiative creates a network of major California cities to combat gang violence and victimization.

Getting the Facts Straight: NCCD Questions the "Impending Crime Wave" Report by Third Way

| Carolina Guzman, Chris Tsukida

In February, 2008, the Third Way, which defines itself as a "nonprofit, nonpartisan strategy center for progressives," released a signifi cant policy statement entitled, The Impending Crime Wave. This paper describes the convergence of what the Third Way conceives of as four new and menacing sociological trends, which, together with recent federal disengagement from crime fighting, allegedly threaten a new and devastating wave of crime in America. The National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) reviewed the Third Way report and identified troubling flaws with its arguments and with the data used to support them. To begin with, NCCD found that the described "trends" are based on incorrect data, much of which was drawn from news stories or outdated data reports. In addition, the threatening tone of the report's title and language is a deliberate attempt to foster fear through the use of false statements. Also, the Third Way fails to indentify the precise age group they refer to throughout their arguments. This is an analysis of the Third Way report; it provides evidence from published studies and national data, and in some cases California data, and which highlights the inaccuracies of the Third Way's reasoning.

SDM News

| Children's Research Center

Structured Decision Making News, Ensuring Implementation Fidelity

New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services Bureau of Elderly and Adult Services: Feasibility and Design of an Adult Protective Services Risk Validation Study

| National Council on Crime and Delinquency

This report examines the feasibility of developing and implementing an actuarial risk assessment to be completed by adult protective services (APS) workers to classify clients by the likelihood of future maltreatment.  The report reviews relevant research conducted with APS clients, content analysis of APS risk assessments in use, and research-based risk factors identified using administrative APS data.

Native American Youth and the Juvenile Justice System

| Christopher Hartney

A growing number of studies and reports have made it clear that minority youth in general are more likely than White youth to be arrested, adjudicated, and incarcerated in juvenile justice systems across the US. Although not as large as those for African Americans, disparities between Native American youth and White youth are alarmingly high and in need of remediation.

Parents Anonymous Outcome Evaluation: Promising Findings for Child Maltreatment Reduction

| National Council on Crime and Delinquency

Parents Anonymous(R) mutual support groups for parents are aimed at strengthening families and reducing child maltreatment. NCCD performed a national evaluation to assess whether parent participation in Parents Anonymous(R) was associated with change in child maltreatment outcomes and in risk and protective factors. The study sought to answer the question: Does Parents Anonymous(R) work to reduce the risk of child maltreatment and, if so, for all parents or for some more than others? The results of this evaluation show that parents were positively affected in a variety of important ways by their experience with Parents Anonymous(R).

California Cities Gang Prevention Network Bulletin (Bulletin 10)

| Dr. Angela Wolf, Fabiana Silva, Jack Calhoun

NCCD and the National League of Cities' Institute for Youth, Education, and Families (YEF Institute) present the bulletin for the California Cities Gang Prevention Network. This initiative creates a network of major California cities to combat gang violence and victimization.

The Structured Decision Making Model: An Evidence-based Approach to Human Services

| Raelene Freitag, Kathy Park

This booklet describes CRC's case management system designed to structure decisions at key points in serving families from the time of the CPS referral through ongoing case closure.

Disproportionate Minority Contact: Alameda County

| Isami Arifuku, Sharan Dhanoa

This FOCUS explores racial and ethnic disproportion in the juvenile justice system. A case study of Alameda County, California, examines Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) at various points in the system and its implications. The study is juxtaposed to other societal conditions to explore patterns and potential connections.

Accelerated Release: A Literature Review (FOCUS)

| Carolina Guzman, Barry Krisberg, Chris Tsukida

A review of 13 major studies in the US and Canada on the accelerated release of prisoners and its impact on public safety.