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Educate or Incarcerate

| Leslie Acoca

Focused study of girls in the juvenile justice system in Duval County, (Jacksonville) Florida. Found that educational failure, particularly during the middle school years was the most statistically significant risk factor for juvenile offending, including serious offending.  From files for girls at various stages in the juvenile justice system in Duval County, Fl, (n=1000) girls who had school problems were 4 times more likely to be repeat offenders and 3 times more likely to have more serious charges, including person offenses than girls who did not have academic school problems.

Alameda County Placement Risk Assessment Validation

| National Council on Crime and Delinquency

The Alameda County Probation Department was awarded a grant from the National Institute of Justice in 1998 to develop a risk assessment for probation placement cases. The goal of the project was to implement a system-wide classification and placement system that would address the public concern for safety and effectiveness in dealing with juvenile crime. It would use a structured process that would assess the risk of future recidivism in combination with the severity of the current offense. This risk assessment project would develop a scientific and rational basis for making classification and placement decisions. It would ensure that extra-legal factors were not used in classification and decision making. Further, it would structure the process such that juveniles would be held accountable for delinquent behavior.

South Australia Department of Family and Community Services: Risk Assessment Revalidation Study

| Kristen Johnson, PhD, Dennis Wagner, PhD, Richard Wiebush

In 1997, the Children’s Research Center (CRC) and the State of South Australia’s Department of Family and Community Services (DFCS) collaborated to develop a risk assessment based on information reported by agency staff in the Management Information System (MIS) for children and their adult caregivers.  The risk assessment was implemented in January 1998 to assess child protective service cases.  This report describes a validation of South Australia's risk assessment.

Creating a Structured Decision Making Model for Police Intervention in Intimate Partner Violence

| Madeline Wordes

For the past thirty years, activists in the domestic violence movement have pushed the criminal justice system to actively respond to intimate partner violence. This study is an attempt to contribute to the growing body of knowledge about who is at most risk of committing future domestic violence once an incident has been recognized by the police. The work presented here is a result of collaboration among the Berkeley, California, Police Department, the East Bay Public Safety Corridor Partnership, and the National Council on Crime and Delinquency.