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No Place to Hide: Understanding and Meeting the Needs of Girls in the California Juvenile Justice System

| Leslie Acoca, Kelly Dedel

In this NCCD study, 200 adolescent girls were given an in depth interview in four detention centers in California.  Implications regarding family fragmentation, histories of victimization inside and outside the juvenile justice system, physical and mental health issues, separation of incarcerated mothers from their children, widespread school failure, vulnerabilities of early adolescence, offense histories, and resiliency are discussed. Acoca, L. and K. Dedel. (1998). No Place to Hide: Understanding and Meeting the Needs of Girls in the California Juvenile Justice System. San Francisco, CA: National Council on Crime and Delinquency.

12th National Roundtable on CPS Risk Assessment: Using Actuarial Risk Assessment to Identify Unsubstantiated Cases for Preventive Intervention in New Mexico

| Dennis Wagner, PhD, Patricia Bell

In 1997, the New Mexico Children, Youth and Families Department (CYFD) and CRC developed a new child protective services case management system. To support this effort, CRC and CYFD staff conducted a risk assessment study of 1,450 sample families investigated for abuse or neglect during 1994-95.  Based on the findings of this research effort, CPS staff in New Mexico decided to employ risk assessment procedures at investigation for both substantiated and unsubstantiated families. In addition, they determined that high risk, unsubstantiated cases should be systematically referred to voluntary services for preventive intervention. This report examines study findings that led to the administrative decision to screen unsubstantiated families with higher levels of risk and service needs into prevention services. New Mexico’s experience provides an example of how service delivery planning may be improved by employing empirical procedures to examine case outcomes within the context of a risk assessment study.

12th National Roundtable on CPS Risk Assessment: The Use of Risk Assessment to Evaluate the Impact of Intensive Protective Service Intervention in a Practice Setting

| Dennis Wagner, PhD, Patricia Bell

In 1993, four Wisconsin urban counties, with the assistance of CRC, developed and implemented a new protective service case management system. This report summarizes findings from an impact evaluation. The study assessed the impact of intensive child protective services on maltreatment by comparing case outcomes of families opened for CPS intervention with those that were not opened while controlling for risk level. The results of this study clearly demonstrate that focusing intensive service intervention on high risk families significantly reduces subsequent maltreatment during a 24 moth observation period.