Recent research suggests that half of all children in the United States have experienced some type of traumatic event that threatens their safety or well-being. Children involved with the child welfare system are particularly vulnerable to trauma. Over the last decade, child welfare agency managers and stakeholders have been pursuing ways to ensure that practice is trauma-informed, i.e., based on research about how trauma affects human beings, and that all children served by the child welfare system are screened and assessed for trauma symptoms. The Minnesota Department of Human Services has supplemented these efforts with analyses of data systematically recorded by social workers to determine whether the likelihood of experiencing trauma symptoms can be estimated. A brief summary of this research can be found here.
The May issue of SDM News describes an integrated practice model; share updates on NCCD’s work in the Northwest Territories of Canada, Texas, and Singapore; and introduces five new staff members. *Note that this link opens slowly. Please be patient.
In December 2013, The California Endowment funded the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) and Third Sector Capital Partners, Inc. (Third Sector) to conduct a feasibility analysis to identify and define the need for delinquency prevention services among a child welfare population to better understand its potential for a Pay for Success (PFS) project. NCCD and Third Sector focused this feasibility analysis on San Diego County, California, where the county had recently implemented the Georgetown University Center for Juvenile Justice crossover practice model for serving youth who are dually involved in both the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. As a way to build on these efforts, the San Diego County Health and Human Services Agency and Child Welfare Services expressed interest in undertaking PFS exploration activities related to interventions that could prevent the occurrence of youth crossover from child welfare to juvenile justice, beginning with an analysis to identify the target population.
This document presents highlights of the feasibility study conducted by NCCD and Third Sector Capital Partners, Inc. to determine the potential of preventing juvenile justice system involvement for youth in the child welfare system as a Pay for Success project. To read the full feasibility report, click here.
In December 2013, The California Endowment funded the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) and Third Sector Capital Partners, Inc. to conduct a feasibility study on restorative community conferencing (RCC) to better understand its potential for a Pay for Success (PFS) project. An analysis of available data gathered since 2012 has revealed that of the young people who completed Alameda County’s RCC program, 26.5% were rearrested compared with 45.0% of a matched sample of youth whose cases were processed through the juvenile justice system. Notably, only 11.8% of the RCC youth were subsequently adjudicated delinquent— that is, determined by the court to have committed another delinquent act—compared with 31.4% of the matched sample of youth whose cases were processed through the juvenile justice system. Of participating crime victims, 99% stated they would participate in another RCC. This program also carries significant cost-saving potential, as these lower rates of reoffending combine with a one-time cost of $4,500 per RCC versus $23,000 per year for a youth on probation. With such promising data, NCCD and Third Sector sought to better understand how RCC could be scaled through a PFS project and what capacity building would need to take place for such a project to be feasible. The results of this analysis are detailed in the feasibility report.
This document presents highlights of the feasibility study conducted by NCCD and Third Sector Capital Partners, Inc. to determine the potential of restorative community conferencing (RCC) as a Pay for Success project. To read the full feasibility report, click here.
Elder self-neglect (ESN) represents half or more of all cases reported to adult protective services. ESN directly affects older adults and also their families, neighbors, and the larger communities around them. ESN has public health implications and is associated with higher than expected mortality rates, hospitalizations, long-term care placements, and localized environmental and safety hazards. This webinar begins by describing results from a study using concept mapping to create a conceptual model of ESN and the items needed to measure it. On this webinar, presenters will discuss findings from a study that resulted in the development of the Elder Self-Neglect Assessment (ESNA). The tool was field-tested by social workers, case managers, and adult protective services providers from 13 Illinois agencies. ESNA indicators of self-neglect align into two broad categories: behavioral characteristics and environmental factors, which must be accounted for in a comprehensive evaluation. Discussion will focus on the clustering of items into the two categories and on the hierarchy of items which should represent severity of self-neglect. (NOTE: the webinar recording begins on slide 3 of the slide handout. Introductory remarks are excluded due to recording technical difficulties). (Materials: slide presentation)
NCCD has released new graphics that display important data on the effectiveness of risk assessments used in juvenile justice systems around the country. These charts come from NCCD’s study of eight risk assessments in 10 jurisdictions in consultation with an advisory board of juvenile justice researchers and developers of commercial risk assessment systems. In response to concerns voiced by juvenile justice practitioners and researchers about the classification and predictive validity of several risk assessments, NCCD conducted a multisite study that compared the assessments’ predictive validity, reliability, equity, and costs.
The Texas Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS) partnered with NCCD’s Children’s Research Center (CRC) to implement a Structured Decision Making® (SDM®) risk assessment for child protective services (CPS). This actuarial risk assessment will help DFPS to identify families at highest risk of future child maltreatment to inform decisions related to service provision with the goal of preventing the occurrence of future harm. DFPS decided to adopt a version of the risk assessment originally developed for a child welfare population served by the California Department of Social Services. To test whether that version of the risk assessment will work as intended for DFPS, CRC conducted this preliminary risk fit study. The results of the study showed that the risk assessment will work as intended for the DFPS CPS population. A full risk validation study is recommended within three to five years of implementation.
It is often difficult to figure out if an injury or wound is due to elder abuse. In part, this is because many of the normal and common age-related changes mask and mimic signs of elder abuse. "Older adults bruise easily" and "old people who aren't mobile develop pressure sores" are common refrains that may be hard to refute. In this webinar we will review the research and clinical findings that help distinguish forensic markers of elder mistreatment. (Materials: slide presentation) Presenter - Laura Mosqueda, MD, FAAFP, AGSF, Chair, Department of Family Medicine, Professor of Family Medicine and Geriatrics (Clinical Scholar) and Associate Dean of Primary Care, Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern California