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Stakeholders’ Views on the Movement to Reduce Youth Incarceration

April 15, 2014
 Antoinette Davis 
 Angela Irvine 
 Jason Ziedenberg 

For its study regarding the dramatic reduction of youth incarceration rates in most US states, NCCD interviewed key stakeholders for their opinions about these changes. This report highlights what stakeholders see as legislative successes and remaining challenges, along with sharing their recommendations for furthering the deincarceration trend. This publication is part of an eight-part series of information sheets and reports. The complete series, along with a ninth piece containing notes and resources, can be found here.

2014 Spring Webinar – An Overview of the Assessment of Everyday Decision Making (ACED)

April 14, 2014
 Moderated by Kathy Park 

Jason Karlawish, MD, provides an overview of the development and use of the Assessment of Capacity for Everyday Decision-Making (ACED). The ACED is the first tool available with data supporting its reliability and validity to effectively address a common clinical issue: is a patient who refuses an intervention to help manage an instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) disability capable of making this decision? The ACED is useful for assessing the capacity to solve functional problems of older persons with mild to moderate cognitive impairment from disorders such as Alzheimer's disease. Common clinical scenarios are the person who has problems performing an IADL, such as cooking, but refuses help to manage that IADL. Is the person capable of refusing this help? The ACED provides patient specific assessments of decisional abilities needed to make that informed refusal. The ACED works well for persons with short term memory impairments since the provided summary sheet can be referred to throughout the interview. The ACED can also help in real-world assessment of a person's cognitive abilities. It can also inform the assessment of complex cases of the "self-neglect syndrome." The ACED interview takes 15-20 minutes to administer. At the close of an ACED interview, the interviewer has a set of data that describe the person's performance on the decision making abilities. (Materials: slide presentation)

The Structured Decision Making® (SDM) System: Fact Vs. Fiction

April 8, 2014
 National Council on Crime and Delinquency   

This brief outlines common misperceptions about the research-based Structured Decision Making® (SDM) system and offers concise, correct information. We invite you to call us at (800) 306-6223 to talk with an NCCD Children's Research Center staff person about the SDM system. 

Using Bills and Budgets to Further Reduce Youth Incarceration

March 31, 2014
 Antoinette Davis 
 Angela Irvine 
 Jason Ziedenberg 

States across the country have seen huge reductions in the number of youth incarcerated in detention halls, camps, and state secure facilities. One major reason for the reductions is successful legislation developed by advocates and legislators on both sides of the aisle. This publication, part of an eight-part series of information sheets and reports regarding NCCD's study of youth deincarceration trends, details many of these legislative successes while also exploring reform challenges. The complete series, along with a ninth piece containing notes and resources, can be found here.

Examining the Role of States in Monitoring Conditions and Outcomes for Youth

March 31, 2014
 Antoinette Davis 
 Angela Irvine 
 Jason Ziedenberg 

Developing systems of oversight for dozens of local juvenile justice departments—each one funded by a half-dozen different sources—presents a dizzying challenge to both state system and community leaders. At the same time, building effective and meaningful oversight structures is essential. This brief publication is part of an eight-part series of information sheets and reports regarding NCCD's study of the dramatic reduction of youth incarceration rates in most US states over the past 10 years. The complete series, along with a ninth piece containing notes and resources, can be found here.

Study Methods for the NCCD Deincarceration Project

March 31, 2014
 Antoinette Davis 
 Angela Irvine 
 Jason Ziedenberg 

With funding from the Public Welfare Foundation, NCCD conducted a national study regarding the dramatic reduction of youth incarceration rates in most US states. This two-page information sheet details the methods for this study, which included a literature review, interviews with key stakeholders, listening sessions in five states, a national convening of juvenile justice leaders, and the compilation and analysis of county-level data from five jurisdictions across the country. This publication is part of an eight-part series of information sheets and reports. The complete series, along with a ninth piece containing notes and resources, can be found here.

Stemming the Flow of Youth Into Adult Systems

March 31, 2014
 Antoinette Davis 
 Angela Irvine 
 Jason Ziedenberg 

As the "tough-on-crime" wave swept the country, nearly every US state changed its laws to make it easier to try young people as adults. States developed judicial waivers, expanded prosecutorial discretion, and changed sentencing guidelines leading to automatic or statutory transfers from juvenile to adult court. This publication, part of an eight-part series of information sheets and reports regarding NCCD's study of youth deincarceration trends, reports on the flow of youth into adult systems and shares recommendations from stakeholders on how to stem that flow. The complete series, along with a ninth piece containing notes and resources, can be found here. 

Beyond Risk and Needs Assessments

March 22, 2014
 Winnie Ore 
 Christopher  Baird 

Recent literature on best practices in correctional assessment focuses on three objectives: Resources should target high-risk offenders; programs should address needs related to each offender’s criminal behavior; and case plans should employ strategies that reflect the learning style, motivation, capacities, and circumstances of each offender. Most assessment systems target high-risk offenders. However, standard risk and needs assessments do not necessarily identify needs that are truly criminogenic for each individual; nor do they address responsivity. This is because these systems do not inherently identify either specific strategies and programs that reflect the learning style of the offender or approaches and programs most likely to motivate each offender to change behavior. This paper describes a comprehensive approach to assessment, developed by NCCD, that successfully addresses all three objectives listed above.

Validation Study: The California Structured Decision Making® Child Welfare Risk Assessment

March 12, 2014
 The National Council On Crime and Delinquency 
 Children's Research Center 

NCCD's Children's Research Center assessed how well risk assessment tools are able to estimate future maltreatment, particularly across subgroups such as race/ethnicity and substantiation decision. Analysis results showed that the California Structured Decision Making® (SDM) risk assessment performs well, and can validly and accurately classify families according to maltreatment.

Appendix A: Risk Assessment Systems

March 10, 2014
 Chris Baird 
 Theresa Healy 
 Kristen Johnson 
 Andrea Bogie 
 Erin Wicke Dankert 
 Chris Scharenbroch 

Appendix to the report titled "A Comparison of Risk Assessment Instruments in Juvenile Justice".